Sleep

Wake Windows by Age: A Monthly Guide

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Explore the ideal wakeful periods for your child's development, ensuring a well-rested and happy little one at every stage!

Uploaded on:

30/12/23

Last Reviewed:

11/4/2024

Reading time

7 min

Table of Contents

Understanding age-appropriate wake windows is crucial for establishing healthy sleep patterns in children. This guide provides a helpful overview, offering parents insights into the recommended wake windows for children at different stages of development. 

What are wake windows?

A wake window refers to the period of time a child can comfortably stay awake before needing to nap or sleep again. As children grow, their sleep needs and ideal wake windows change. 

Why are wake windows essential for baby sleep?

Wake windows are crucial for baby sleep as they play a pivotal role in regulating a child's sleep-wake cycle. Understanding and adhering to age-appropriate wake windows is essential for preventing overtiredness, which can lead to difficulties in falling asleep, commonly known as "baby fighting sleep."

When do wake windows start?

Wake windows become relevant from the early days of a baby's life. Newborns typically have short periods of wakefulness, often lasting about 45 minutes to an hour. As babies grow, these wake windows gradually extend. 

Wake windows by age

A baby's sleep routines will evolve during its first year of life, impacting the overall duration of sleep and the length of sleep phases during both day and night.

Here's a breakdown of recommended wake windows according to age:

  • Newborns 0-3 months: 45 to 90 minutes
  • Infants 4 to 6 months: 1.5 to 2.5 hours
  • Baby 7 to 9-months: 2 to 3.5 hours
  • Infant 10 to 12 months: 2.5 to 4 hours
  • Toddler 13 to 15 months: 2.5 to 4.5 hours
  • 16 to 18 months: 4.5 to 5.5 hours
  • 18 months and older: 5 to 6 hours of wakefulness

Let's look at it in more detail! ⬇️

Wake windows by age

🤱🏻Newborns (0-3 months)

This section offers valuable advice for new parents, emphasizing the importance of recognizing signs of sleepiness, establishing a soothing bedtime routine, and creating a calming sleep environment. 

How many wake windows should a newborn have?

On average, newborns can be awake for about 45 to 90 minutes at a stretch. This means, within a 24-hour period, parents might notice 8-10 wake windows, interspersed with naps of varying lengths.

👶🏽 Infants (4-6 months)

Understanding and responding to your infant's cues for sleepiness is still crucial, and providing a consistent sleep routine can aid in establishing healthy sleep patterns. However, individual variations can occur, so it's important for parents to observe their infant's behavior and adjust their sleep schedule accordingly.

How many wake windows should an infant have?

For infants aged 4-6 months, wake windows typically range from 1.5 to 2.5 hours. During this stage, infants may be awake for longer stretches compared to newborns.

👶🏼Babies (7-9 months)

During the 7-9 month age range, babies typically experience longer wake windows, ranging from 2 to 3.5 hours. Understanding your baby's evolving sleep needs is essential during this stage. 

To navigate this phase successfully, incorporate baby sleeping tips into your routine. These may include maintaining a consistent bedtime, creating a calming sleep environment, and responding to your baby's cues for sleepiness.

How many wake windows should a baby have?

At nine months old, your baby's wake windows range from 2.5-3.5 hours. You'll notice wake windows are shorter in the morning (between 2.5-3 hours) but get longer later in the day (3-3.5 hours).

🧒🏻Toddlers (10-18 months)

By the age of 18 months, most toddlers have transitioned to one nap a day, and the wake window before bedtime tends to be shorter than the first wake window of the day. Consider incorporating a consistent toddler sleep schedule, aiming for a nap about 5-6 hours after waking up. This routine can contribute to a more predictable and restful sleep pattern for your toddler.

How many wake windows should a toddler have?

Wake windows become more extended for toddlers aged 10-18 months, typically ranging from 4 to 5.5 hours. As your little one grows, understanding their evolving sleep needs is key to maintaining a healthy sleep routine. 

Signs your baby needs sleep

Selecting an appropriate wake window for your baby involves keen observation of their sleep cues. These cues serve as signals that indicate when your baby is ready for rest. Keep an eye out for signs such as yawning, rubbing eyes, pulling ears, fussiness, arching back, clinginess, staring blankly, losing interest in toys, and drooping eyelids. 

“Secure attachments in infancy are the base for good mental health. A major need for secure attachment is for a parent to respond to infant needs and cues. It is important not to leave your baby to cry.”
💡 Healthy WA

  • Yawning
  • Rubbing eyes
  • Pulling ears
  • Fussiness
  • Arching back
  • Clinginess
  • Staring blankly
  • Losing interest in toys
  • Drooping eyelids

How to choose the right wake window for your baby?

1. Establish a consistent routine

Establishing a consistent bedtime routine is an excellent way to promote healthy sleep habits for your baby. Here's a sample bedtime routine:

  • 6:00 PM: Wake up from last nap
  • 6:15 PM: Diaper change and feeding
  • 6:30 PM: Warm bath
  • 6:45 PM: Gentle massage and lotion
  • 7:00 PM: Put on pajamas and sleep sack
  • 7:10 PM: Stories with massage 
massages for kids

  • 7:20 PM: Sing lullabies and rock or cuddle
  • 7:30 PM: Place baby in crib drowsy but awake

2. Monitor sleep patterns

Monitoring your baby's sleep patterns is an integral part of ensuring they get the rest they need for healthy development. Observing the duration of naps and nighttime sleep and staying attuned to any changes in their routine can provide valuable insights into their evolving sleep needs. 

3. Create a comfortable sleep environment

  • Ensure the sleep space, whether a crib or bassinet, is free from potential hazards such as loose bedding or toys that could pose a suffocation risk. 
  • Maintain a consistent and comfortable room temperature, typically ranging between 68-72°F (20-22°C)
  • Consider using blackout curtains to create a dark, conducive sleep environment. 
  • Introducing white noise, which you can find in the Storybook App, can add a soothing background sound that may help your baby sleep more soundly.

4. Minimize stimulating activities before bedtime

Establish a calming pre-bedtime routine that includes activities like a warm bath, a gentle massage with a quiet storytime. Dim the lights as bedtime approaches to signal that it's time to wind down.  

Limiting screen time and other stimulating activities at least 30 minutes before bedtime can further support the transition into a peaceful sleep.

How long should one focus on a baby's wake windows?

Once your child starts taking a single nap daily, the relevance of wake windows often lessens, typically occurring between 15 and 18 months but varying between 12 and 24 months.

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